Several academics and teachers have been searching for the most effective techniques of instruction in the academic world. This is a difficult undertaking, as it entails selecting a method of instruction that matches a certain age group or individual.
According to Daniel D. Pratt, there are five major teaching perspectives that serve as a tool for professional development, a means of institutional change, and a research instrument for both new and seasoned instructors (Pratt, Collins, and Selinger). Perspectives on teaching, according to Daniel D. Pratt, are “a lens through which we view teaching and learning” (3).
Perspectives on teaching may differ based on the topic matter, types of assignments, age of the students, and educational goals. My opinion is that the primary purpose of education is to teach students to think, reason, analyse, and draw their own conclusions. Learners should be supplied with a set of abilities that increase their knowledge of the subject matter while simultaneously allowing them to build their own perspective on a specific topic (Fox, 29).
Learners with extensive experience should be adept at filtering information. They should understand what they must learn. Moreover, helping people unlearn is one of the most important goals of education, despite the fact that the process can be difficult for many. If learners wish to enhance their skills and acquire new knowledge, they must always maintain an open mind and be willing to change/adapt their perspective, hence rejecting their prior knowledge and views. There are numerous ways to accomplish these objectives. Every educator has his or her own methods for accomplishing these outcomes.
Transmission Perspective, Developmental Perspective, Apprenticeship Perspective, Nurturing Perspective, and Social Reform Perspective are the primary teaching viewpoints. All of these teaching perspectives are essential for attaining the best results in education. The relative relevance of each depends on the age of your students.
Educating adults is a very challenging endeavour; consequently, care should be used when planning and implementing a curriculum for adult students. Teaching adults requires the Apprentice Perspective and the Developmental Perspective. Adults have greater experience and are more motivated than adolescents and young adults.
I employ these two fundamental approaches to instruct grownups. I always take their previous experience into account. The greatest challenge for me is that these kids have diverse backgrounds, requiring me to tailor my approach to each individual. Students should be prepared to expand their prior experiences without discomfort. In order to understand the students’ perspectives, I prepare not only lectures but also debates that assist us in reaching the correct decision. It is inappropriate to assert that students forget what they have previously been taught.
They should reach the correct conclusion on their own. It is crucial to me that my pupils feel comfortable asking questions and expressing their own opinions. They should not fear appearing foolish or making mistakes. It is a typical method of study. It is a typical method of study. As a teacher, I am simply responsible for guiding these debates in the appropriate direction without interfering with them. Teachers shouldn’t push their viewpoint on pupils; rather, they should use discussion to persuade students to make the proper choice. Such conversations assist me to apply developmental concepts. I give my students more opportunities to speak during class since it helps me learn more about them and their perspectives, which I take into account during the study process.
In addition, adults must comprehend the significance of information in their lives. When they are motivated, they perform better when studying. When introducing a new topic, I emphasise the subject’s relevance to my students’ lives (Lewison). I make every effort to make the opening to my lecture the most engaging portion. The first section is the most crucial because it serves to pique students’ curiosity. If you fail to capture their attention in the initial stage, it will be more difficult to do so afterwards.
The success of education depends on both the teacher and the students. If there is collaboration between competent professors and good students, success is assured. Good learners must be motivated and willing to gain new information and modify their behaviour. If the research process is successful, students enhance their performance and competence, as well as their knowledge, attitudes, and abilities.
Read About: Essay on Theoretical Perspectives on Curriculum
There are many different traits of effective educators. Excellent teachers should possess a love for their subject and their teaching that is contagious to their students. I believe that effective instructors possess the skill of connection. “They are able to construct a complicated web of links between themselves, their subjects, and their pupils so that their students might learn to weave their own worlds” (Fox 11). Good teachers make the learning process engaging and create an enjoyable classroom environment. They are instructive and attempt to meet students’ needs. They are open for queries from pupils.
My perspective about good teachers is that it is not in the methods they employ to instruct students, but rather “in their hearts”—that is, the point where intellect, emotion, spirit, and will merge within the human self (Fox 11). My teaching technique is founded on my passion and interest. If I wish to pique the learners’ interest in this topic, I must share that interest.
The students are able to tell when a teacher dislikes his/her work and is uninterested in the subject matter. Every effective educator must be able to pique the students’ interest in the subject. During my preparations for the lecture, I consider what will be of interest to my students.
I employ contemporary tools to make my lectures more engaging. Bright, colourful PowerPoint presentations with images and music effects make the lectures more engaging. When feasible, I employ various multimedia presentations, documentary films, and social marketing to capture the attention of the students.
According to the article Courage to Teach by Parker Palmer, “excellent teaching cannot be reduced to method; effective teaching derives from the identity and integrity of the instructor” (10). Being a good educator requires talent. The effectiveness of your instruction depends on your personal qualities even more. It is known as “a fourth of the energy required for profound and permanent learning” (Palmer).
Numerous studies have been conducted on the effectiveness of the study process, resulting in an abundance of approaches and recommendations for enhancing teaching and learning skills. In my opinion, your students will never like your subject if you dislike it and are disinterested in your work. My own interest and passion for my subject matter is crucial to my teaching effectiveness. I do my best to get good results in the classroom by employing a variety of teaching viewpoints and strategies. Being a teacher requires a talent.